The use of the $message parameter is mentioned in validate to define the error message for validation,

message variable

The error message $message parameter in Validator as well as in Rule Object supports the use of:

  • :attribute Name of the field currently being validated
  • :input Current validation value
  • :index Index of the currently validated array
  • {:field} Specify the value of the field
  • {@field} Specify the name of the field
  • {&index} Get the index of the array in the trigger error
  • {&&index} Get the location of the array in the trigger error

TIP

The above text is supported in custom rules using

:attribute

:attribute represents the name of the field in the customAttributes variable that currently triggers the error:

class Test extends Validate
{
    protected $rule = [
        'user' => 'required'
    ];
    
    protected $message = [
        'user.required' => 'Please fill in the :attribute'
    ];
    
    protected $customAttributes = [
        'user' => 'account'
    ];
}







 






After triggering, the message prompted is Please fill in the account

{:field}

The field in the middle of {:field} is the field of the current validation value. If the specified field does not exist, it is empty text, support for getting an array, such as info.name, on behalf of getting the name parameter in the info array. supports unlimited depth.

class Test extends Validate
{
    protected $rule = [
        'name' => 'chs'
    ];
    
    protected $message = [
        'name.chs' => 'The name you filled in {:name} is not a Chinese name'
    ];
}







 


Enter data ['name' => 'Rasmus Lerdorf'],prompt:The name you filled in Rasmus Lerdorf is not a Chinese name

Array

If the error is triggered by a value in an array, you can also get it directly: {:data.*.user.name}

{@field}

{@field} means use the custom name of field

class User extends Validate
{
    protected $rule = [
        'pass'   => 'required',
        'repass' => 'required|same:pass'
    ];

    protected $customAttributes = [
        'pass'   => 'Password',
        'repass' => 'Confirm Password'
    ];

    protected $message = [
        'repass.same' => ':attribute and {@pass} do not match'
    ];
}













 


The last error message triggered is:Confirm Password and Password do not match

{&index} And {&&index}

If a multidimensional array triggers an error in validation, we need to use the index in the error message, or we need a field value in the array.

index is the nth index in the array

class Test extends Validate
{
    protected $rule = [
        'button'                     => 'required|array:@keyInt|max:3',
        'button.*'                   => 'required|array:name,sub_button',
        'button.*.name'              => 'required|alpha_dash',
        'button.*.sub_button'        => 'required|array:@keyInt',
        'button.*.sub_button.*'      => 'required|array:name,type',
        'button.*.sub_button.*.name' => 'required|alpha_dash',
        'button.*.sub_button.*.type' => 'required|numeric',
    ];

    protected $message = [
        'button.*.sub_button.*.type.required' => 'Missing type of {&&1} submenu of {:button.*.name} with index {&1}'
    ];
}
Test::make()->check([
    'button' => [
        [
            'name'       => 'Main-Menu-1',
            'sub_button' => [
                [
                    'name' => 'Sub-menu-1-1',
                    'type' => 1
                ],
                [
                    'name' => 'Sub-menu-1-1',
                    'type' => null
                ]
            ]
        ]
    ]
]);

will output the error Missing type of 2 submenu of Main-Menu-1 with index 1

Joint use

You can also {:field} together to get the desired value, e.g. :{:button.{&0}.sub_button.{&1}.name}

customAttributes variable

When we define many validation fields and rules, it would take a lot of time and cost to write error messages one by one correspondingly. At this time, we can use the $customAttributes variable to define the names of the fields.

Automatically replaces the :attribute text in the default error message when the error is triggered

class User extends Validate
{
    protected $rule = [
        'id' => 'required|numeric',
    ];

    protected $customAttributes = [
        'id' => 'User ID',
    ];
}






 
 
 

When the error is triggered, it will prompt User ID is required

{:field} is also supported in the customAttributes variable, e.g:

protected $customAttributes = [
    'id' => 'User ID:{:id}',
];

 

If the id is passed in as hello At this point the trigger will prompt User ID: hello must be a number.

Formatting error messages in rule classes

In the appeal code, the error message may not be so clear. It may be better to put the $size variable into the error message, and we provide the $messageParam parameter to support formatting the error message, as follows:

class Length extends BaseRule
{
    protected $message = 'The length of :attribute should be %d bytes';

    protected $size;

    public function __construct(int $size)
    {
        $this->size         = $size;
        $this->messageParam = [$size];
    }

    public function passes($attribute, $value): bool
    {
        return strlen($value) === $this->size;
    }
}










 








$messageParam is an array type, so the value passed in must be an array, such as using the rule length:10, then the message after the trigger is: The length of :attribute should be 10 bytes

$message Field Definition:

Formatting FormatDescription
%%Returns a percent sign %
%bBinary numbers
%cASCII value corresponding to the character
%dDecimal numbers containing positive and negative signs (negative, 0, positive)
%eUse lowercase scientific notation (e.g. 1.2e+2)
%EUse uppercase scientific notation (e.g. 1.2E+2)
%uDecimal numbers without positive or negative signs (greater than or equal to 0)
%fFloating point (local setting)
%FFloating point (non-local setting)
%gShorter %E and %f
%GShorter %E and %f
%oOctal numbers
%sString
%xHexadecimal numbers (lowercase letters)
%XHexadecimal numbers (uppercase letters)

Additional formatting values. Must be placed between % and a letter (e.g. %.2f).

  • \+ (Precede a number with + or - to define the positive or negative nature of the number. By default, only negative numbers are marked, and positive numbers are not marked.)
  • ' (Specifies what to use as padding, the default is spaces. It must be used in conjunction with the width specifier. Example: %'x20s (uses "x" as padding))
  • \- (Left Adjusted Variable Value)
  • [0-9] (Specify the minimum width of the variable value)
  • .[0-9] (Specify the number of decimal places or the maximum string length)

Note

If more than one of the above format values is used, the parameters of $messageParam must be used in the above order, and must not be out of order.

For more support on error messages please see Custom Error Messages

Use of class attributes in rule classes

Sometimes we need to use a more intuitive way of defining an error message, and without formatting, we can use the properties of the rule class directly in the error message, in the format: %{field name}

Note

Only public,protected types are supported, and the value must be scalaropen in new window

The rule in appeal code could be changed to read as follows.

class Length extends BaseRule
{
    protected $message = 'The length of :attribute should be %{size} bytes';

    protected $size;

    public function __construct(int $size)
    {
        $this->size = $size;
    }

    public function passes($attribute, $value): bool
    {
        return strlen($value) === $this->size;
    }
}



 














If you want to use a value under an array, you can use the same fetch method as the get method of the validator collection.

Last Updated: